Are there Venomous Snakes in Indiana?

I don't normally associate venomous snakes with Indiana. You always see stories about deadly snakes in other parts of the country and on other continents. But the fact is, there are some really dangerous snakes that can be found in Indiana.

How Many Types of Venomous Snakes Can Be Found in Indiana?

According to Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indiana is home to 33 different native species of snakes. Four of those species are venomous. And while those species are listed as endangered, that doesn't mean they are extinct. They are still in our state and they can still seriously injure or even kill you.

So, just be mindful of these four species of snakes, cause you just never know if/when you'll run into one of them.

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Copperhead Snake

Osage Copperhead

Copperhead: Only found in the southern third of Indiana.

According to, "the copperhead snake head is indeed a coppery, reddish-brown color with some dots on the top. The snake's triangle-shaped head is large in proportion to its narrower neck. Copperheads are bulky snakes and reach up to about 3 feet in length in maturity. Their eyes have slit-like pupils similar to cat's eyes." But who wants to gaze into the eyes of a snake to see if they are poisonous or not?

Cottonmouth/Water Moccasin Snake

Photo by Meg Jerrard on Unsplash
Photo by Meg Jerrard on Unsplash
Photo by Bradley Feller on Unsplash
Photo by Bradley Feller on Unsplash

Cottonmouth/Water Moccasin: Only found in one small area in southwestern Indiana. expains, "The quick and easy way to identify a water moccasin is to look for its wedge-shaped, blocky head (from above, as in a boat, you can't see its eyes), check for the heat-sensing slits beneath and between its eyes and nose, and note its olive, dark tan, dark brown or an almost black body, thick and python-like in its girth, especially in the middle before it tapers to a long, thin tip."

Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake


Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake: Found in the northern third of Indiana.

According to, "Adult massasaugas are gray or light brown with large, light-edged chocolate brown blotches on the back and smaller blotches on the sides. The snake's belly is marbled dark gray or black and there is a narrow, white stripe on its head."

Timber Rattlesnake

Timber rattlesnake - Crotalus horridus atricaudatus, poisonous, white background
Snake-Timber rattlesnake

Timber Rattlesnake: Found in south-central Indiana

According to, Timber Rattlesnakes are stocky and noted for the prominent rattle on their tail tip. Their dorsal color can be gray, yellow, brown or green.  Most Kentucky Timber Rattlesnakes are patterned with dark crossbands or chevrons that run along the back. However, some Timber Rattlesnakes are completely black. The belly is light in color with black dots. Timber Rattlesnakes have keeled scales, a single anal plate and facial pits."

40 Real Indiana Towns with Quirky, Weird, and Funny Names

Outside the major cities, the Hoosier state is full of tiny little towns you've probably passed through on your way to one of those cities. Most of them are likely 100 to 150 years old, or older, and have been around far longer than the large metropolitan areas such as Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, South Bend, and Evansville. Typically, they were started by early settlers who found their way to the state and decided to make it home. Eventually, others would join them, and a community was formed. Over time, as the surrounding areas grew, most of them were folded into those areas and governed by the nearest city or county's governing body officially making them "unincorporated," meaning they did not have their own formally organized municipal government.

A scroll through Wikipedia's long list of unincorporated communities in Indiana shows several of them have names that by today's standards would be considered weird, quirky, or just downright right funny. These are my 40 favorities.

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