According to Wallethub.com these are the best states to practice medicine ranked 1-51 (including Washington D.C.).  See where Indiana, Kentucky, and Illinois are ranked.  

 

WalletHub compared the 50 states and the District of Columbia across 16 key metrics. The data set ranges from average annual wage of physicians to hospitals per capita to quality of public hospital system. You can see the complete ranking by clicking on the link to WalletHub below.

Best States to Practice Medicine

Overall Rank
(1=Best)
State Total Score ‘Opportunity & Competition’ Rank ‘Medical Environment’ Rank
1 South Dakota 75.97 3 1
2 Nebraska 70.66 7 3
3 Idaho 70.64 1 17
4 Iowa 70.16 2 16
5 Minnesota 69.94 9 4
6 Wisconsin 69.84 6 7
7 Kansas 68.86 8 9
8 Montana 68.01 5 13
9 North Dakota 65.19 14 11
10 Wyoming 64.88 4 35
11 Alabama 62.50 11 31
12 Mississippi 62.24 10 43
13 Arizona 62.10 12 32
14 Colorado 61.95 18 12
15 Tennessee 61.77 16 24
16 Utah 60.92 17 20
17 Maine 60.70 32 2
18 South Carolina 60.25 19 21
19 Washington 58.59 20 26
20 Georgia 58.31 22 22
21 West Virginia 58.24 13 45
22 Nevada 57.40 15 47
23 Arkansas 56.99 25 25
24 North Carolina 56.86 35 8
25 Indiana 56.82 27 23
26 Alaska 56.37 39 5
27 Louisiana 56.11 21 37
28 Texas 55.55 33 14
29 New Mexico 54.16 24 40
30 Florida 54.08 29 34
31 Missouri 53.90 26 38
32 Pennsylvania 53.25 31 36
33 Kentucky 53.07 23 46
34 Vermont 52.93 42 6
35 Michigan 52.83 36 27
36 Oklahoma 52.53 34 28
37 New Hampshire 52.32 28 44
38 Virginia 51.05 40 29
39 Delaware 49.03 37 39
40 Ohio 48.99 38 42
41 Connecticut 48.94 44 15
42 Illinois 48.86 30 51
43 California 47.82 46 18
44 Maryland 47.82 41 41
45 Oregon 47.71 47 19
46 Massachusetts 46.59 43 33
47 District of Columbia 45.75 51 10
48 Hawaii 43.25 50 30
49 New York 41.39 49 48
50 Rhode Island 40.86 45 50
51 New Jersey 40.24 48 49

Source: WalletHub